Dealing with your application
How to prepare your application
If it is confirmed that an application is necessary you will need to complete the relevant application form and prepare plans and any other supporting documentation which may be required.
There are different application forms depending on the type of application you are making. For more information on the different types of permission and applications please visit our 'Application Types' page via the 'Related Links' section.
Particular information must be submitted with any application. Care should be taken to ensure that you have completed your forms correctly and that all the relevant documentation is included in your submission as failure to do so will result in your application not being made valid.
The ‘validation and determination of planning applications’ document used by the Council is available from the 'Related Sites' section of this page. This includes the extent and detail of information required to validate your application.
How much will it cost?
Most planning applications will require a planning fee. Fee information is available from the Council Charges page available from the 'Related Links' section of this page or alternatively you can use the fee calculator on the ePlanning Scotland website, this can be found in the 'Relates Sites' section.
How to submit your application
Planning applications can be submitted to the Council in two ways:
- Online. This is the quickest and simplest way to make and submit your application and we would encourage you to submit online. You will be taken step by step through the process and be able to submit and pay for your application instantly.
- Paper form. Once completed you can either bring or send your forms and plans to us.
Both of these methods can be accessed on the ‘Application Search and Submission’ page via the ‘Related Links’ section.
What happens when your application is received?
When your application has been received and has been deemed valid we will send you an acknowledgement letter stating the name of the case officer who will be dealing with it and the date you should expect to receive a decision by. If there are deficiencies with the application that prevents us from validating it we will write to you to let you know what these are and what is required to enable validation. Once validated we will undertake a number of processes in respect of your development proposal, including notifying neighbours; consulting with other Council services; consulting with other external agencies; and publishing the proposals on the Council’s planning website.
We will notify neighbours when you submit your planning application. All addressable properties within 20m of the application site boundary will be sent a neighbour notification letter notifying them of your development proposal. If there is land within 20m of the application site boundary which does not contain any addressable properties, a public notice is required to be placed in a local newspaper (at present this is the Orcadian). The applicant will be required to pay for the cost of this advert, which is currently £82.50.
Notification to owners and agricultural tenants is the responsibility of the applicant.
Other notification that may be required.
There may be requirements for your application to be advertised in the local press if it falls into certain criteria and certain adverts may require an additional fee.
In order to inform our determination of your application we may consult colleagues within other Council services; for example Roads Services to advise us on access, traffic and parking issues, or Environmental Health to advise us on noise issues.
We may also consult externally with relevant agencies, such as Scottish Natural Heritage, Scottish Environment Protection Agency and Historic Scotland for proposals that may affect the natural or built environment.
Public access to your application
Your application and plans will be made available online for the public to view, track and comment on. Any representations we receive about an application will also be made publicly available and can be viewed on our website on the ‘Application Search and Submission' page found in the 'Related Links' section of this page.
At this stage in the process, members of the public have the opportunity to lodge representations either against or in support of your application.
How we assess your application
When we assess your planning application, we have to start by considering relevant policies and proposals in the development plan (at present this is the Orkney Local Development Plan in 2017). This is because Section 25 of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 says “Where, in making any determination under the Planning Acts, regard is to be had to the development plan, the determination is, unless material considerations indicate otherwise…to be made in accordance with that plan…”. Further information on, and copies of the Development Plan and all the relevant supplementary guidance are provided in the 'Planning Policy and Guidance' pages accessed via the 'Related Links' section.
Relevant “material considerations” include national planning policy; design; traffic; noise; the planning history of the site; impact on public amenity; and external planning constraints. Further information on Planning Constraints is provided in the 'Related Links' section of this site. We will also consider comments and advice that we receive from other Council services or external agencies as well as any representations received from neighbours or other members of the public likely to be affected by the development.
Examples of what are not material planning considerations (and so could not be accepted as valid objections to an application) include issues covered by other laws (such as licensing or Building Standards); private legal disputes over land and access; the motives of the applicant; loss of financial value of a property; and loss of view. Information on what is and what is not a material planning consideration is available in the 'Related Downloads' section to the left of this page.
The Development Management Planning Officer dealing with the application will normally carry out a site visit to the proposed development. There is no requirement for the applicant/agent to be present at this visit.
After assessing all the relevant information the Development Management Planning Officer will prepare a report based on his/her findings and make a recommendation for either a senior planning officer or for the Councillors on the Planning Committee to determine.
How we make decisions
Our aim is to decide your application within two months of it being validated.
Smaller, more straightforward applications are decided by officers under powers delegated by the Council to the Executive Director of Development and Infrastructure. These make up over 90% of all planning applications in Orkney. A copy of the full 'Scheme of Delegation' is available from the Committees: Agendas, Reports and Minutes 'Related Links' section of this page.
The Planning Committee deals with larger and more controversial planning applications. Applications will go to committee if for example an objection has been received and the application is recommended for approval.
The Planning Committee meets ten times a year on roughly a monthly basis, but with a longer break over the summer. At the Committee a Development Management Planning Officer will introduce the proposal and present a recommendation to grant or refuse consent. The applicant and any objectors (or their nominees) are also afforded an opportunity to address the committee. Committee members may also ask questions of both applicants and objectors before arriving at a decision. On occasion the committee may defer a decision to allow them to undertake a site visit.
If your application is to be decided by the Planning Committee you will be informed of the date of the meeting and the process involved. Reports of applications to be presented to the committee are publicly available around one week prior to the meeting taking place.
For minutes of previous meeting together with agenda and reports for upcoming meetings, please follow the links in the 'Committees: Agendas, Reports and Minutes' pages accessed via the 'Related Links' section of this page.
Following a decision
Once a decision has been reached, a decision notice will be sent out to you or your agent. If your application is approved, it will also include any conditions that the Council thinks necessary. If it is refused, there will be detailed reasons provided for the refusal. Anyone who has commented on your application will also be notified in writing of the Council's decision.
If your application has been approved, you will receive copies of all your drawings with an approved stamp, along with your decision notice. Please keep all these documents safe as they may be required for legal purposes. It is important that you read the terms of your decision carefully. If there is anything you are concerned about or do not understand, get in touch with a Development Management Planning Officer as soon as possible.
Approvals are usually accompanied by a ‘Notice of Initiation of Development’. If you receive one of these you are legally required to complete and return it to the Council before starting any works. A ‘Notice of Completion of Development’ form should subsequently be completed and returned to the Council after your development is complete.
If you are building a new house you will also be sent a property naming form. It is important that you complete and return this well in advance of your expected completion date, otherwise you may encounter issues receiving your energy performance certificate, connecting your telephone, insuring your property etc.
Right of appeal or review
There is no right of appeal by an objector against the decision of the Council to approve a planning application. An applicant, however, has the right to appeal or ask for a review. If the decision has been made by the Planning Committee or Council, the right is to appeal to the Scottish Ministers through the Directorate for Planning and Environmental Appeals, which will normally appoint a reporter to determine the appeal by means of written representations, a hearing or, in large and complicated cases, by a public inquiry. If the decision has been made by officers, the right is to seek a review from the Local Review Body (LRB). In Orkney the LRB sits as the Local Review Committee and is made up of the same membership as the Planning Committee. The right to appeal or seek a review applies in the following instances:
- where the application is refused;
- where the applicant does not agree with a planning condition attached to the consent; or
- where the application is not determined within the specified time period.
Further details on the appeals process can be found on the 'Appeal a Planning Decision' pages accessed via the 'Related Links' section.
Commencement and conditions
Planning permission is normally limited to a period of three years from the date of the decision notice, after which the permission or consent will expire, unless it can be shown that the development has commenced.
By virtue of Section 27 of the Planning Act 1997, commencement of development is taken to be initiated if any material operation or change of use comprised in the development is carried out, such as:
- Any work of construction in the course of erection of a building.
- Any work of demolition of the building.
- The digging of a trench which is to contain the foundations, or part of the foundations of any building.
- The laying of any underground main pipe to the foundations or part of the foundations of a building, or to any such trench mentioned in bullet point 3 above.
- Any operation in the course of laying out or constructing a road or part of a road.
- Any change in the use of the land which constitutes material development.
We do not notify applicants when an approval is due to expire and you should therefore make a note of the expiration date and take steps to commence the development within the time-frame.
Planning permission (and other types of consent) may be subject to conditions that require further details to be submitted for the approval of the Council before the development is commenced.
It is important in these cases that the applicant or agent allows sufficient time for these details to be prepared, submitted to and approved in writing by the Council before the commencement of development.
Please note that any breach of condition is potentially at risk of enforcement action, and the Council cannot guarantee that any retrospective submission of details will be acceptable or approved.
Compliance with the permission
There is no statutory requirement on the Council to undertake site inspections to confirm that building work is being carried out in accordance with the approved plans and details. However, any building work carried out in contravention of the permission can be subject to enforcement action to ensure compliance with the plans/details and could require the applicant/developer to demolish part or all of a building to remedy any breach.
Applicants are strongly advised to ensure that any hired contractors/builders are fully aware of any conditions attached to the grant of permission as any building work carried out in contravention of the permission will be entirely at the applicant's own risk. Ignorance of the permission, or to argue that it was the builder's fault, is not a defence in law.
Planning Processing Agreement
A processing agreement is a project management tool normally used for all major applications, and is encouraged for local developments which are complex or which are likely to prove contentious.
Processing agreements can be used to set out the key processes involved in determining an application, identify what information is required, and from whom, and set the timescales for the delivery of various stages of the process.
Processing agreements can deliver a number of benefits including:
- Greater transparency in decision-making for everyone involved in the process.
- Greater predictability and certainty over the timing of key stages.
- Faster decision-making.
- Clearer lines of communication between authority and applicant.
- More effective and earlier engagement of key stakeholders.
The Application form is available in PDF format from the 'Related Downloads' section of this page.